Definitions of Church Words
The word Gospel also means Good News. The Gospel is defined as Jesus Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, He was buried, and He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, 1 Corinthians 15:1-4.
To be saved is to be delivered or rescued from something. Jesus saves people from the penalty of sin which is the wrath of God, in the form of the “second death” or hell. He was named Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins, Matthew 1:21. We shall be saved from wrath through Him, Romans 5:9. Jesus delivers us from the wrath to come, 1 Thessalonians 1:10.
Repentance is a change of mind that results in a changed life, Matthew 3:2, 8. Repentance is birthed through being convicted of sin and is necessary to appropriate salvation, 2 Corinthians 7:10.
God convicts us the truthfulness of the Gospel, of our sin, and our need for Him. To be convicted is to be convinced of its truthfulness, John 16:8-11.
This is the avenue by which the promises of God and the Bible are appropriated. We are saved by grace through faith in Jesus Christ. Christians are to live by faith in God and His teachings in the Bible. Psalm 118:8; Romans 10:17; Galatians 2:16; Ephesians 2:8.
This is the place where God abides and where all the saved will live throughout eternity. Heaven is described as a place of unfathomable beauty and peace. A place where sin and evil cannot enter. There will be no sickness, pain, nor death. A place of perfect tranquility. Isaiah 66:1; John 14:2-3; Revelation 22:1-5.
This place was originally prepared for the devil and all his demons. The inhabitants will be tormented throughout eternity incurring the wrath of God upon unrepentant sin in literal fire, intense pain, unquenchable thirst, and painful darkness. This will not result in annihilation, but in eternal torment. It was never intended for humans to enter. However, it will be the abode of all who reject Jesus Christ as their personal Lord and Savior. Matthew 25:41; John 3:16-18, 36; Revelation 20:13-15.
Jesus Christ’s death makes us acceptable before Holy God. In Christ, we are declared righteous; just as if we had never sinned. Romans 3:24-26.
This means ‘to set apart’. The Christian has been set apart by his position (salvation) in the family of God, Hebrews 10:10. Christians are to be increasingly set apart in our daily lives, 1 Peter 1:16; 1 Corinthians 6:19-20.
This will take place for the Christian when we are fully separated from this world and enter into heaven and God’s presence in our new body. This body will never grow old, grow tired, get sick, or die. 1 Corinthians 15:51-54; 1 John 3:1-3; Jude 24-25.
One summoned alongside, a helper or patron in a lawsuit. Our defender in the courtroom of God—Jesus Christ, the Righteous! 1 John 2:1; Hebrews 7:25; 9:24.
This means satisfaction. Jesus Christ is the only offering that satisfied God concerning sin. 1 John 2:2; Romans 3:25; John 1:29.
Charging or reckoning something to a person’s account. God imputes the guilt of Adam’s sin to all mankind, Romans 5:12-19. The repentant believer’s sin is imputed to Jesus Christ, 2 Corinthians 5:19; 5:21a; Isaiah 53:6c. Jesus Christ’s righteousness is imputed to the Believer, 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21b; Philippians 3:9. We can stand in God’s presence because Jesus Christ has imputed His righteousness and holiness to us through His sacrificial death on the cross.
Holy and upright living, in accordance to God’s standard. God’s character is the definition and source of all righteousness, Genesis:18:25; Deuteronomy 32:4; Romans 9:14. The righteousness of human beings is defined in terms of God’s righteousness. We cannot be righteous in our own merit, Isaiah 64:6. We must have the righteousness of God imputed to us through Jesus Christ, Romans 4:3-22; Galatians 3:6; Philippians 3:9.
God is all-knowing. He knows everything you think, say, or do. Psalm 139:1-6, 13-16; Isaiah 40:13-14.
God is everywhere. He is right there with you when you are thinking, saying, and doing it. Psalm 139:7-12; Jeremiah 23:24; Amos 9:2-4.
God is all-powerful. He can do what He wants to about what you are thinking, saying, or doing, Genesis 1:1-3; Hebrews 1:3; Colossians 1:17.
- Born Again:
All people need to be recreated and renewed due to their sinfulness in the sight of God. The repentant sinner is ‘born’ into the family of God as he trusts Jesus Christ’s redemptive work, the Gospel, for his salvation. “The new birth is a decisive, unrepeatable, and irrevocable act of God, John 3:5-8, 10-21; 2 Corinthians 5:17; 2 Corinthians 4:16.
The process by which God and people are brought together again—through Jesus Christ, Romans 5:8, 10, Colossians 1:21, 2 Corinthians 5:18.
Through Jesus Christ, God giving to us what we do not deserve—forgiveness and ultimately heaven, John 1:17, Ephesians 2:8-9, Romans 3:23-28.
Through Jesus Christ, God not giving to us what we do deserve—punishment and ultimately hell, Ephesians 2:4-6, Romans 5:8-10, 1 Timothy 1:13.
This is the sensual, worldly, and non-spiritual side of man. A carnal person relates to, or is given to, the crude desires of the ‘flesh’ or body. The term carnal usually describes a worldly Christian in the Testament. This is in total contrast to “spiritual” Christians, or those who are under the control of the Holy Spirit, 1 Corinthians 3:1-4; Romans 8:5-7.
A term used to describe the earthly part of an individual, representing a person’s lust and evil desires. The flesh is totally contrary to the Spirit and cannot please God. A person living in the ‘flesh’ produces a life contrary to the holiness of God, Ephesians 2:3; Galatians 5:17-21; Romans 8:8; Galatians 2:16.
- Walk in the Spirit:
To conduct one’s life as a Christian having submitted to the control of the indwelling Holy Spirit. To live in obedience to the teachings of the Bible and allowing the Holy Spirit to enable and empower one to live the Christian life. This life will produce a lifestyle pleasing to God. Galatians 5:16; Romans 8:4; Ephesians 2:2, 10; 1 John 1:6-7; Galatians 5:22-25.